The Effect of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) on the Students’ IPA Learning Outcomes in Class IV


  • Nora Dilla Qibtiyah Universitas Panca Marga
  • Ludfi Arya Wardana Universitas Panca Marga
  • Shofia Hattarina Universitas Panca Marga
  • Rofikha Nuriyanti Universitas Panca Marga



Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS), Learning Outcomes, IPA


This study aims to determine the effect of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) on science learning outcomes. Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) learning is motivated by the need for qualified and highly competitive human resources.  Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) are higher order thinking skills by connecting and or combining past knowledge with new knowledge, then developed to achieve a goal or solve a problem that arises. Data at SD Integral Hidayatullah Probolinggo City shows that 20% of the Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) have been implemented. However, the high-order thinking skills of grade IV students in science subjects are still low. Based on this, this research focuses on whether Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) affect student learning outcomes in science subjects. The method used in this research is the experimental method. Meanwhile, to analyze the data used data analysis prerequisite tests with the help of Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Levene Statistics and test hypotheses with the help of the SPSS 25 for Windows application using the Independent Sample T-Test. The results showed that Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) had a significant effect on science learning outcomes for fourth-grade students. This has been proven based on data derived from hypothesis testing using the Independent Sample T-Test on SPSS  25 for Windows. The value of t count > t table, which is 5.772 > .69 with a value of sig (2-tailed) < 0.05. Following these calculations, H0 is rejected while Ha is accepted. Based on the results of these studies, Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) is very important to be applied to the learning process. This aims to create quality students so that they can create human resources that have high quality and competitiveness.


Beddu, S. (2019). Implementation of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Learning on Student

Learning Outcomes. Journal of Thinking and Learning Development, 1(3), 71–84.

Handayani, R., & Priatmoko, S. (2013). THE EFFECT OF HOTS (Higher Order Thinking Skills)

ORIENTED SOLVING PROBLEM LEARNING. Journal of Chemical Education Innovation,

(1), 1051–1062.



Kurniati, D., Harimukti, R., & Jamil, NA (2016). High-Level Thinking Skills of Junior High School

Students in Jember Regency in Solving PISA Standard Problems. Journal of

Educational Research And Evaluation, 20 (2), 142–155.

norvai. (2019). Non-Parametric Statistics for the Health Sector. Klaten: Lakeisha Publishers.

Nurwahida. (2018). The Effect of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Approach on Social

Science Learning Outcomes of Fourth Grade Students of SD Inpres Bontomanai,

Tamalate District, Makassar City. Thesis .

Sarwinda, W., & Meilana, SF (2019). The Effect of Using HOTS Oriented Science Worksheets

on Cognitive Learning Outcomes of Students at SD Muhammadiyah 4 and 5 Jakarta.

Journal of Basic Education , 10 (1), 77–84.

Sofyan, FA (2019). Implementation of Hots in Curriculum 2013. Inventa , 3 (1), 1–9.

Wardana, LA, & Alawiyah, YT (2021) 'Development of Thematic-Based Monopoly Learning

Media on Theme 4 (Clean and Healthy Living) Class II SDN Sumbersuko Probolinggo

Regency', Journal of Pedagogy, 08(01), pp. 23-26.



How to Cite

Qibtiyah, N. D. ., Wardana, L. A. ., Hattarina, S., & Nuriyanti, R. . (2022). The Effect of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) on the Students’ IPA Learning Outcomes in Class IV. PGSD UST International Conference on Education, 3(1).