Contribution of parenting style and executive function of parents to the development of executive function of pre-school children in Minangkabau Families
Minangkabau is one of the largest ethnic groups in the Indonesian archipelago. Minangkabau cultural values still strongly influence the daily lives of people in West Sumatra including in terms of parenting. The parenting that is applied and how the characteristics of parents (parents' cognitive abilities) have a significant influence on children's development, especially executive function abilities that will facilitate children's abilities in terms of academics and in terms of adapting to various challenges so that they remain healthy, especially mentally. The critical and significant development process of the emergence of executive function (EF) occurs during pre-school age which is a period of development of brain plasticity. This study aims to measure how much parenting style and executive function of parents contribute to the level of executive function of early childhood in Minangkabau families. This study measured the level of parenting style, parental executive function, and executive function of children aged 2 years to 5 years 11 months (N=272) using the Parent Scale, The Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version (BRIEF-A), Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Preschool Version (BRIEF-P) based on parent reports. The results showed that in general, parents' Executive Function and Parenting Style significantly influenced children's Executive Function with a contribution of 12.1%.