Culture-based education and positive peer group : Strategies to reduce bullying intention in junior high school students
Keywords:Bullying, Culture-based Education, Junior High School, Positive Peer Group
Education can be interpreted as an effort to develop the character, mind, and physical abilities of individuals so that they can be in harmony with their environment. However, the reality in society still shows the phenomenon of behavior that harms others. One of them is bullying behavior that occurs in the school environment. Victims, bullies, and bystanders are in the educational environment. This study aims to analyze the effects of the positive peer group program, a bullying treatment program that uses culture-based education by peer. This research design is untreated control group design with dependent pre-test and post-test samples. The hypothesis of this study is that there is a difference in bullying behavior scores between the experimental and control groups, after the implementation of the positive peer group program. The subjects of this study were 40 junior high school students in Yogyakarta City for each experimental group (n=18) and control group (n=22). The results showed that there was a significant difference in bullying behavior scores between the experimental group and the control group after being given the Positive Peer Group program (F=9.563, p=0.004). The group that received the Positive Peer Group program showed a significant decrease in bullying behavior compared to the group that did not receive the Positive Peer Group program.