Improving Motivation and Self-Efficacy in Mathematics through Project-Based Learning for Fourth Graders
This study aims to describe the increase in learning motivation and self-efficacy of students in learning mathematics through the application of the Project Based Learning (PjBL) model in class IV Elementary School A in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The method used in this research is the Classroom Action Research method. The research was carried out as an effort to overcome the problems that arise in the classroom. This method is conducted in 3 (three) stages, namely planning, implementation and observation, and reflection. The stage is a cycle that takes place repeatedly. The action focused on increasing students' learning motivation and self-efficacy in learning mathematics as the goal of the research conducted. This research was conducted from April 2023 to May 2023 with the research subjects as many as 12 students in class IV Elementary School A Yogyakarta. The research was conducted through pre-cycle and 2 (two) cycles with each cycle consisting of 1 (one) meeting. The research instruments used include observation sheets of PjBL implementation as well as questionnaires of learning motivation and self-efficacy of students. The results showed that the number of students in the high motivation category in the pre-cycle was 0%; cycle I was 41.67%; and cycle II was 75% so that an increase of 41.67% and 33.33% was obtained. The number of students with high self-efficacy in the pre-cycle was 16.67%; cycle I was 33.33%; and cycle II was 75% so that there was an increase of 16.66% and 41.67%.
Keywords: Learning Motivation, Self-Efficacy, Project-Based Learning