Application of the Problem Based Learning Model to Improve Grade V Mathematics Learning Outcomes
Learning will be more meaningful and memorable for students if the implementation involves students directly. The Problem Based Learning (PBL) model is a learning model that facilitates students to learn to think critically and have problem solving skills related to the context of life. The aims of this study were: (1) to describe the application of the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model, (2) to improve the mathematics learning outcomes of fifth grade students, and (3) to describe the constraints and solutions to the application of the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model. The type of approach used in this research is Collaborative Classroom Action Research (CCAR). This research was conducted in two cycles. Each cycle consists of 2 meetings which contain the stages of planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting. The data used is in the form of quantitative and qualitative data. Data collection techniques using observation, interviews, documents and tests. The results of this study are: (1) the application of the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model to improve mathematics learning outcomes in class V is carried out with the following steps: a) student orientation to problems, b) organizing students for learning, c) individual guidance or group, d) show the results of work, and e) evaluation; (2) the application of the Problem Based Learning (PBL) model can improve the learning outcomes of fifth grade Mathematics; (3) The obstacle in this study is that there are still students who are less active in asking questions and providing responses, while the solution to these obstacles is to provide motivation and habituation for students to dare to debate and ask questions.
Keywords: Problem Based Learning (PBL), Learning Outcomes, Mathematics