Implementation of Integrated PBL and NHT Model to Enhance Elementary School Students' Cooperatives Skills
Keywords:problem based learning, numbered head together, cooperatives
This research is motivated by the observed deficiency in the cooperative skills of first-grade students. The primary objective of this research is to augment the dimension of collective cooperation among first-grade students. This will be achieved through the implementation of an integrated instructional approach, combining Problem-Based Learning and Numbered Head Together models. The research design employed in this research is Collaborative Classroom Action Research (CCAR) using the Kemmis and McTaggart model in two cycles. The research subjects consisted of 18 first-grade students. This research was conducted during the even semester of the academic year 2022/2023. Data collection was carried out through observation, interviews, and documentation. The data analysis techniques used were both qualitative and quantitative. The results of this research indicate that the integration of Problem Based Learning with the Numbered Head Together model can enhance the dimension of cooperation among the first-grade students. This can be demonstrated by the percentage of cooperative skills in the pre-cycle, which was 58.25% with a qualification of insufficient. It then experienced an improvement in cycle I, reaching 71% with a qualification of adequate. In cycle II, there was further improvement, reaching 84.75% with a qualification of good.