Improving Student Learning Motivation Through the Problem-Based Learning Model for PPKN Subjects for Elementary School Students in Yogyakarta, Indonesia


  • Hanif Hermawan Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
  • Tri Astuti Arigiati Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
  • Rojikin Rojikin Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa


motivation, problem-based learning, PPKN


This research is motivated by the low motivation of fourth-grade students at Yogyakarta Elementary School. This is shown based on the results of interviews and observations of the class and teacher of class IV SD Yogyakarta. This study aims to determine the increase in student motivation through the application of the Problem-Based Learning Model in Civics learning at Yogyakarta Elementary School IV. This research is a type of classroom action research. This research was conducted in two cycles. The research setting is SD IV Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The subjects in this study were fourth-grade students at SD Yogyakarta, totaling 31 students. The object of this research is student motivation. Data collection techniques used are observation, questionnaires, and documentation. Data analysis techniques using descriptive techniques comparative to determine the percentage of student activity in cycles I and II. The results showed that after applying the Problem-Based model Learning in class IV student motivation increased. This is shown by the average student motivation in the pre-cycle of 73.63% and is included in the sufficient category. After the researchers took action in cycle I, the measurement results showed that there was an increase in student motivation by 1.27%, from 73.63% to 74.90%. After going through the improvement process, the motivation to learn in class IV SD Yogyakarta students increased from cycle I to cycle II by 3.14%. Cycle I which was initially 74.90% rose to 78.04%.


Keywords: Motivation, Problem-Based Learning , PPKN


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