Improving Collaboration through a Problem-Based Learning Model for Mathematics Content in the Elementary School III


  • Marbeta Dewi Ariyani Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
  • Istiqomah Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa University
  • Fitri Ardiyanti Ngabean State Elementary School
  • Aprilita Ngabean State Elementary School


collaboration, problem-based learning, mathematics


This study aims to determine the increase of students’ cooperation through the application of problem-based learning models in elementary school mathematics content. This type of research is classroom action research using the Kemmis and Mc Tangart models. This research was conducted in the even semester of the 2022/2023 academic year, from April to June 2023. The research subjects were class III elementary school students, totaling 28 students. The independent variable in this study is the problem-based learning model, while the dependent variable is cooperation. The data collection used in this study is observation and documentation. Data analysis techniques used in this study is statistical data analysis techniques obtained through observation sheets of group cooperative attitudes in each cycle. The research results in the first cycle reached an average of 59% in the category of sufficient. While the average obtained in cycle II reached 87% in the category of good. Therefore, it can be concluded that the problem-based learning model can improve students' cooperation in mathematics content. This is evidenced by the results of observations that meet the indicators of success, which resulted exceeding 70% in cycle II.


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