Problem-based Learning for Improving Capital Letter Writing in 2nd Grade Elementary School


  • Ayu Wulandari Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
  • Ayu Rahayu Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa University
  • Yustina Pertiwi Darmawanti Karanganyar State Elementary School


writing skills, Capital Letters, problem-based learning models


In this instructional research, the paradigm of problem-based learning (PBL) is used to improve capital letter writing skills in the  grade of a state elementary school in Yogyakarta for the school year 2022–2023. 8 students in the  grade of a state elementary school in Yogyakarta served as subjects of the study. The subject of the study is the talent of writing capital letters using a learning approach called problem-based learning. Based on the results of the first cycle, an average score of 71.25 was obtained with a completeness level of 62.5%. The research results of the first cycle showed that the results were below average. The results of the cycle II actions received an average score of 78.75 and a completion rate of 75%. Thus, compared to cycle I, the research results of cycle II showed an increase. Conclusion: the application of problem-based learning approach can improve the ability to write capital letters in Yogyakarta’s  grade state elementary schools with an improvement of 12.5% from cycle I to cycle II.


Keywords: writing skills, capital letters, problem-based learning models


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