Implementation of Problem-Based Learning with Concrete Media Assistance to Improve Writing Skills of 2nd Grade Elementary School Students


  • Aisyah Nur Fitriani Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
  • TMA. Kristanto Universitas Sarjanawiyata Tamansiswa
  • Purwanto
  • Taufik Ismail


Problem-Based Learning, Concrete Media, Writing Skills


This research is motivated by the many problems regarding writing skills at the elementary school level. This is evidenced by the fact that there are still many problems in writing, such as (1) errors in writing words, incomplete written letters, (2) not using punctuation marks, (3) errors in using capital letters, (4) sloppy writing or tend to be difficult to read, and (5) the use of sentences that are not appropriate. One effort to overcome this problem is to apply a problem-based learning model assisted by concrete media.

The aims of this study were (1) to describe the application of problem-based learning with the help of concrete media in writing activities in Indonesian subjects and (2) to describe the improvement in writing skills of second-grade elementary school students using the problem-based learning model with the help of concrete media. This research is a class action research, the class action research design used is a class action research design developed by Kemmis and Mc Taggart, namely through the stages of planning, implementing, observing, and reflecting with 2 cycles. Data collection techniques in this study used observation techniques, tests, and documentation. The instruments used were observation guide sheets and performance test assessment sheets. The data analysis technique used in this study consisted of a qualitative descriptive analysis and a quantitative descriptive analysis.

The results showed that (1) the teacher carried out all stages of learning using the problem-based learning model, and (2) the results of students' writing skills increased in each cycle. In cycle I, the percentage of students' achievement in writing skills only reached 26.67%, and in cycle II it increased to 86.2%. So, the application of the problem-based learning model assisted by concrete media can improve the writing skills of class II students at the elementary school level.

, Concrete Media, Writing Skills


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